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An Overview On Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD)

  • By Admin
  • 05 May 2017

Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) is a very common endocrine system disorder that many women of reproductive age are suffering from. In simple terms, the ladies living with this health issue have enlarged ovaries with a small collection of fluids, known as follicles in medical terms. These are generally diagnosed through an ultrasound exam. The sad news is that many women are unaware of the health issue and consider it as a fate of life, whereas in reality this can be treated. In this post, we have made an attempt to give a detailed overview on the PCOD so as to spread awareness on the same. The focus would be laid on the main causes, symptoms, diagnostic methods and the treatment of this disease.

Symptoms of PCOD: The symptoms begin to show up at a very early stage that is when a female body begins with the process of menstruation. Although, the severity varies from person to person, but one of the most experienced symptoms is irregular or delayed menstrual cycle. The irregularity of the cycle is a big symptom and other than that there are many noticeable changes that can show up the presence of this health issue.

Some of the most seen characteristics are:

  • Excess hair grown on body parts such as the face, stomach, chest or anywhere in the body.
  • A reduction in the size of the breasts
  • A strong voice development
  • Excessive loss of hair
  • Acne and weight gain
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Difficulty in conceiving or infertility

Many times one is not able to identify the symptoms and in such cases, it gets really important to get this diagnosed from the experts. Although there is no specific test that can be done, but there are certain ways to check with the disorder.

Diagnostic Methods for PCOD:

  • Blood tests to identify the level of male and female sex hormones
  • Thyroid function tests that help to check the glucose level
  • Fasting glucose tests
  • Lipid profile test to assess the cholesterol levels
  • A vaginal ultrasound
  • A pelvic laparoscopy

Once the severity of the issue is understood, the next main thing is the treatment. It is believed that this can definitely be treated if the right diagnosis is done and precautionary measures are adopted.

Treatment of PCOD: PCOD treatments majorly emphasize on curbing the symptoms so as to avoid any further complications. Here are some of the most recommended tips that must be adopted:

  • Bank upon a healthy diet with some amount of physical activity on a regular basis to lessen the PCOD symptoms.
  • If you are overweight, you need to lose weight as that will greatly help to lessen the symptoms.
  • Those who are not planning a family, can take help from the birth control pills, but only with the recommendation of your gynaecologist.
  • Fertility drugs may be prescribed to lessen the existence of male hormones in the body so as to help in ovulation.
  • In the case of high insulin levels, the medications prescribed for diabetes might also be given to balance the testosterone levels.
  • In extreme cases, a surgery might be recommended wherein the ovarian drilling is performed to destroy the cysts.

This makes it very clear that what all could be the probable causes and symptoms behind PCOD and accordingly, what different diagnostic tests, as well as treatments, can be offered. Always consult your gynaecologist and then continue with any regimen so as to seek fast and healthy recovery.