Osteoarthritis is an advanced form of Arthritis and is commonly known as a degenerative Arthritis Degenerative Joint Disease (OA). In a layman's language, it is a form of arthritis caused by excess inflammation, breakdown, and the loss of cartilage in the joints. This does not impact a particular joint but can occur in any of the weight-bearing joints in the body. Some of the most vulnerable joints are hips, knees, and the spine. In addition to these, it can also affect other joints such as the fingers, neck, thumb, and toe. One of the major causes of Osteoarthritis includes stiffening of the cartilage in the joints. This further results in loosening of its elasticity, which makes it even more susceptible to damage. With the passage of time, the cartilages get worn off resulting in a decrease in the ability to function as a shock absorber. This ability is the result of its tendency to change its shape when compressed.
Explained below are the scenarios, wherein the bad impact of Osteoarthritis has been explained:
The Knee Joint: The knee is a very common joint that gets affected by the disease and it mainly affects women crossing the age of 40. Some of the most common symptoms include Osteoarthritis pain and swelling.
The Hip: The second most common location where Osteoarthritis attacks are the hip area. The adverse impact on this area is observed at around 60 years of age. The main cause behind this is excess weight and too much exertion. In rare cases, it can also be a hereditary issue. The major symptoms are the pain in buttocks that may even extend to the thigh area.
The Hand: This particular location is predominant in women, especially during the menopause. In severe conditions, the risk factors can be genetic, hormonal and micro-traumatic.
The Fingers: It generally affects the last finger joint and gradually develops. The most common symptoms include vague deformation or can be a flare-up. Also, there are visible appearances of nodes on the closest joint at the fingertip that spreads from the index to the middle fingers.
The Thumb: The ill-effects of the disease can also impact the thumb and in this case, the pain settles at the base of the thumb. This gets provoked by normal pinching or tightening motions. The symptoms are stiffening of the joints.
Osteoarthritis is a health problem that can affect any of the joints in the human body. In addition to the knee, hips, hands, fingers and the thumb, this pain may also impact other joints like shoulder, elbows, and ankles.