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What is mental illness?

  • By Admin
  • 12 Oct 2016

A mental illness is a disease that causes mild to severe disturbances in behavior, resulting in an inability to cope with lifes ordinary demands and routines. Most people believe that mental disorders are rare and happen to someone else." In fact, mental disorders are common and widespread. Most families are not prepared to cope with learning their loved one has a mental illness. It can be physically and emotionally trying, and can make us feel vulnerable to the opinions and judgments of others. If someone you know may have a mental or emotional problem, it is important to remember there is hope and help. Mental health problems may be related to excessive stress due to a particular situation or series of events. As with cancer, diabetes and heart disease, mental illnesses are often physical as well as emotional and psychological. Mental illnesses may be caused by a reaction to environmental stresses, genetic factors, biochemical imbalances, or a combination of these. With proper care and treatment many individuals learn to cope or recover from a mental illness or emotional disorder. Warning Signs and Symptoms The following are signs that your loved one may want to speak to a medical or mental health professional.

In Adults, Young Adults and Adolescents: Confused thinking Prolonged depression (sadness or irritability) Feelings of extreme highs and lows Excessive fears, worries and anxieties Social withdrawal Dramatic changes in eating or sleeping habits Strong feelings of anger Strange thoughts (delusions) Seeing or hearing things that aren't there (hallucinations) Growing inability to cope with daily problems and activities Suicidal thoughts Numerous unexplained physical ailments Substance use Inability to cope with problems and daily activities Changes in sleeping and/or eating habits Excessive complaints of physical ailments Changes in ability to manage responsibilities - at home and/or at school Defiance of authority, truancy, theft, and/or vandalism Intense fear Prolonged pessimistic, often accompanied by poor appetite or thoughts of death Frequent outbursts of anger

In Younger Children: Changes in school performance Poor grades despite strong efforts Changes in sleeping and/or eating habits Excessive worry or anxiety (i.e. refusing to go to bed or school) Hyperactivity Persistent nightmares Persistent disobedience or aggression Frequent temper tantrums

How to cope up towards better living

Accept the feelings of sufferer Handle unusual and extreme behaviors Establish a support network of family & friends Seek counseling Never lose hope There are variety mental conditions that affect mood, thinking, and behavior.

Most common types

1. Major depression: A mood disorder causing a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest.

2. Anxiety disorder: A mental condition in which excessive, ongoing worry interferes with regular activities.

3. Bipolar disorder: A disorder associated with mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs.

4. Dementia: A group of thinking and social symptoms that interferes with daily functioning.

5. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.

6. Schizophrenia: A brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally.

7. Obsessive compulsive disorder: Excessive thoughts (obsessions) that lead to repetitive behaviors (compulsions).

8. Autism: A serious developmental disorder that impairs the ability to communicate and interact.

9. Post traumatic stress disorder: A mental health condition triggered by experiencing or seeing a terrifying event.

Mental illness can be effectively cured with one or a combination of the following therapies:

Medication. Psychotherapy. Group therapy. Day treatment or partial hospital treatment. Specific therapies, such as cognitive-behavior therapy and behavior modification. These kinds of medical emergencies can be treated like all other diseases, So one should not be disheartened and always caring optimistic approach to deal with tough times with your near and dear ones. Stay Fit Team Chemists World