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WHAT CAUSES THE MALE INFERTILITY AND HOW TO GET IT DIAGNOSED

  • By Admin
  • 25 Sep 2017

Male infertility is the inability to produce healthy sperm to fertilize the female egg. Almost one in five couples experience fertility problems. For 40% of infertile couples, male infertility is the contributing factor. This means if a couple has been trying to get pregnant for more than a year; then the man should also get his sperm count checked from the doctor. CAUSES OF MALE INFERTILITY If a man is not able to produce enough sperm or if the sperm's shape (morphology) or ability to swim (motility) is impaired, it will be unable to fertilize the egg. Factors such as stress, unhealthy lifestyle, and inadequate diet can also lead to poor health, leading to impaired semen and quantity and quality.

Below given are the most common causes of male-related infertility:

1. Structural Problems Various structural problems have been known that causes infertility in men, such as blockages, which obstructs the passage of sperm or impair the ability to produce healthy sperm. These can result in several conditions, such as:

* Scarring

*Undescended Testes

* Varicocele (bulging veins in testicles) and vasectomy

2. Hormonal Imbalances Imbalances can also be the cause that is caused by a lack of communication between the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland, and the testes, and can affect a man's ability to produce healthy sperm.

3. Infections and Diseases Many health conditions or diseases, including diabetes, cystic fibrosis, and mumps or any extended period of high fever, can reduce the production of sperm. In addition to it, untreated infections can cause structural damage or affect the healthy production of sperm. As men continuously produce sperm, the effects may be reversible if no scarring or blockage has occurred and sperm function may be restored with time.

4. Age Although age has more impact on women's fertility than on men's, but recent studies are showing that in men also it can play a major role in male infertility. Bodily changes that occur as a result of aging include:

* Decreased hormone levels

* Decreased testicular function and sperm production

5. Chromosomal Abnormalities and Life Style Changes Chromosomal or genetic issues can also result in low sperm count and concentration in semen. Low sperm movement also makes it difficult for sperm to travel to fertilize the woman's egg. Unhealthy diet and consuming excessive alcohol and cigarettes can also lead to same.

SOME TESTS TO RULE OUT INFERTILITY IN MALES:

  • General physical exam and medical history to get patient's overall health status.
  • Semen testing provides information pertaining to the number of sperm that has sound structure and shape (morphology), the quantity of production, sperm's motility and quality.
  • Hormone levels and antibodies to find out that sperm production is functioning at normal levels and to confirm that antibodies are not killing the sperm
  • Genetic tests to rule out possible chromosomal issues
  • Ultrasounds to assess any abnormalities of internal reproductive organs