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What Are The Differences Between PCOD And PCOS?

By ChemistsWorld On 16 Aug 2021

Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) are the two commonest health issues that a large number of women around the world encounter. As the terms suggest, both health issues are linked to the ovary. Nevertheless, health experts have also noted hormonal disorders are the prominent reasons behind such problems.

Many people think PCOD and PCOS are similar diseases. In reality, they have a lot of differences. Moreover, women must know about these diseases for their health safety. Since 7 out of 10 women are vulnerable to these diseases, one should follow many preventive measures to avoid such health complications. In the following section, the differences between PCOS and PCOD are discussed.

What Is PCOS?

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a metabolic disorder of the endocrine system of a women’s body. In women’s bodies, a small amount of male hormone is produced. Due to PCOS, a high amount of male hormones has been produced in women’s bodies. As a result, it leads to irregularity in the ovulation process. Due to prevailing PCOS conditions, multiple cysts can get formed in ovaries.

What Is PCOD?

PCOD is a medical condition where ovaries release the eggs at a premature stage. Since the eggs are released at the premature stage, they form cysts. Due to PCOD, women have to face different physical complications. Some common symptoms of PCOD are rapid weight gain, irregular periods, abdominal pain during the menstrual cycle, hair loss, etc. Cyst formation in the ovaries makes the ovaries grow larger. As a result, ovaries start releasing more male hormones.

A Comparison between PCOS and PCOD

 

  1. Severity of the Diseases

While PCOS is considered a serious health condition, PCOD is not a disease. Through diets and exercises, PCOD can get fully or partially cured. If you bring a few changes to your lifestyle, you can avoid the risk of PCOD. In most cases, doctors do not suggest any medicinal drugs to women with PCOD conditions. Health experts suggest a balanced diet, good nutrition, adequate physical activities, etc. On the other hand, PCOS is a metabolic disorder. You need to consume the medicines prescribed by a doctor to deal with PCOS.

Around one-third of women in the world suffer from PCOD. Lack of rest, stress, anxiety, and eating junk foods are the common reasons behind PCOD.  On the other hand, a small number of women suffer from PCOS. Though it is not a rare disorder, it does not come under the category of common diseases for women. POCS is an endocrine system disorder, which may lead to hormonal imbalance in a woman’s body. Due to hormonal imbalance, women can suffer from various complications. Some of those health issues are irregular periods, skin disorders, mood swings, depression, fatigue, and many more.

 

  1. Impact Of PCOS And PCOD During Pregnancy

PCOD is not a serious physical condition. Nevertheless, it does not affect fertility among women. However, due to rapid weight gain, some women may face a few complications during pregnancy. Women are suggested to undergo strict fitness and dietary schedules to avoid the risks due to PCOD during pregnancy.

On the other hand, PCOD is a serious endocrine disorder. As a result, it makes pregnancy challenging and complicated. Most women with PCOS condition face infertility issues. Due to hormonal irregularity, eggs get destroyed at a premature stage. As a result, conceiving becomes difficult for such women. Even though women can conceive, they undergo a high risk of miscarriages. For all these reasons, women suffering from PCOS should visit a doctor immediately. Even if you are not thinking about getting pregnant, you need to get medication to avoid other health risks due to PCOS.

 

  1. Other Complications

Both PCOD and PCOS lead to many health complications. However, PCOD is not a disease. It is a physical condition which you can avoid through proper diet and exercise. However, avoiding precautionary measures against PCOD can lead to concerning consequences. You may gain weight rapidly. Obesity brings heart, kidney, and digestive problems. Some women develop PCOD and PCOS together. For such women, managing PCOD is the primary preventive measure. If PCOD is not managed, PCOS can lead to fatal consequences.

Due to PCOS, women suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, heart problems, and many more health risks. Due to PCOS, women gain quick abdominal weight. PCOS also leads to hormonal disorders and abrupt secretion of male hormones in a woman’s body. Facial hair growth is a common symptom among women suffering from PCOS.

If you are suffering from PCOS and PCOD, you should consult a doctor without wasting time. Both these physical issues need prompt medical attention to reduce the severe health risks.

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