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The Negative Impact Of Malnutrition On Children

  • By Admin
  • 15 Jun 2018

Malnutrition is a deadly condition that occurs when your body is not able to get enough amount of nutrients to function properly. Malnutrition is a problem that is caused because of unbalanced diet or lack of food intake in the body. According to the World Health Organization stats, around 792 million suffer from malnutrition worldwide. To your surprise, at-least one-third of them are children. According to a survey, childhood hunger highly affects everyone out of four children, with as many as 17 million children at a higher risk of being affected by malnutrition. Causes of Malnutrition and Hunger Individuals who do not get sufficient amount of food and right kind of nutrients in their body can often suffer from the problem of hunger. If someone is not able to get the required amount of diet according to the body's requirement, the problem can further lead to a condition called ''Malnutrition''. But, not always eating is the cause of malnutrition. People who have enough to eat, may also, at times, suffer from the problem of undernourishment. This occurs because, people are not aware of the right kind of foods, nutrients, and vegetables that they must consume. There are some kind of diseases as well that may make it difficult for people to digest food properly. Children with cystic fibrosis face difficulty in absorbing the nutrients, since the disease majorly affects the pancreas(an organ that produces the enzyme essential for digestion). People with celiac disease have intestinal issues that are triggered by a protein named, gluten, found in wheat, barley, and rye. The most common nutritional deficiency absorbed worldwide is Iron deficiency, which may further lead to anemia.

Who is at higher risk of Malnutrition?

Malnutrition affects the people of any age. However, children, infants, & teens usually suffer the most because many nutrients are required for development and normal growth. Aged people might get this problem due to aging, illness and other factors that lead towards poor appetite and they may not be able to eat enough. Effects and symptoms of Malnutrition The symptoms and signs of malnutrition depend on the kind of deficiency an individual has, however, some of the commonly noted symptoms are:

  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Decaying teeth
  • Swollen and bleeding gums
  • Poor growth
  • Underweight
  • Bloated stomach
  • Problems learning
  • Problems with organ functioning

If a pregnant woman suffers from malnutrition, the weight of her child may be less and also, there are fewer chances of survival.

How to treat malnourished children?

Fortunately, the malnutrition in children can be treated. If your child is not getting enough amount of nutrients and proper diet, you must talk to a doctor. The treatment to this depends on the underlying cause of the problem. A dietician or doctor may advice specific kind of supplements and proper diet to your child. Also, if there's some problem lying unnoticed, your doctor may help you find effective ways to make sure the kid gets the required amount of nutrients in the body.