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  • By Admin
  • 01 Dec 2017

World AIDS Day, which takes place every year on 1st of December, is dedicated to raising awareness among people to fight against HIV and to commemorate for those who have died from AIDS. For many people the day is associated with the red ribbon also and wearing it is a simple way to show your support and concern for patients suffering from AIDS. What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. This virus can be transmitted between people leading to infection and it attacks the immune system of our body. AIDS is a disease that is acquired only after a person has contracted with HIV infection. AIDS is the end stage of the HIV infection.

What leads to greater risk of HIV?

  • Unprotected anal or vaginal sex. Sexually transmitted infections (STDs) such as syphilis, herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and bacterial vaginosis can also lead to AIDS.
  • Sharing contaminated needles, syringes and other injecting equipment
  • Receiving blood transfusions, tissue transplantation, medical procedures that involve unsterilized cutting or piercing
  • Experiencing accidental needle stick injuries among healthcare workers

How can HIV be diagnosed

  • Serological tests, such as enzyme immunoassays (EIAs), detect the presence or absence of antibodies to HIV-1/2 and/or HIV p24 antigen.
  • RNA tests (HIV RT PCR or viral load);
  • One blood test, Western blot test that is necessary to confirm the diagnosis.

Can HIV be treated HIV can be suppressed by a combination of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) which consists of 3 or more antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. ART does not cure HIV infection, but suppresses viral replication within the patient's body and strengthens the immune system to fight off infections. We should recognize the need to talk openly about the sexual health too, in the same way as we talk about other health issues. Prevention, testing, and treatment are the best ways to take care of our body. Doctors, medical professionals, friends, family members and LGBT community over there, should start having non-judgmental conversations about the sexual health which would help us to eradicate this taboo completely from the India.

Fight AIDS Not People; Spread Love Not HIV