Sore throat & related health challenges along with preventive measures

By ChemistsWorld On 04 Feb 2020

Sore throat is a dry, painful or scratchy feeling in the throat. Pain in the throat is the most common symptom. The sore throats are caused by environmental factors like dry air and infections. Sore throats are of many types that depend on the part of the throat

• Pharyngitis impacts the area right behind the mouth.
• Tonsillitis is redness and swelling of tonsils and soft tissue at the back of the mouth.
• Laryngitis is redness and swelling of voice box or larynx.

Sore throat symptoms

The symptoms of sore throat are burning, scratchy, dry, raw, irritated and tender. It will hurt you when you talk or swallow. Your tonsils or throat might also look red. Sometimes areas of pus or white patches will form on tonsils. The sore throat for the long term will lead to symptoms such as the runny nose, nasal congestion, cough, sneezing, chills, fever, body aches, and swollen glands in the neck, headache, trouble swallowing, hoarse voice and appetite loss.

Causes of sore throat

1. Colds, flu, and other viral infections
Viruses cause around 90 percent of sore throats. Sore throat is caused by common cold, influenza, mononucleosis, measles, chickenpox and mumps.

2. Strep throat and bacterial infections
Bacterial infections can lead to sore throats. The most common reason is the infection of tonsils and throat caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. Sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea and chlamydia and Tonsillitis can also result in sore throat.

3. Allergies
When the immune system responds to allergy triggers such as grass, pollen and pet dander, it releases chemicals causing symptoms such as watery eyes, nasal congestion, sneezing, and throat irritation.

4. Dry air
Dry air sucks moisture from throat, mouth and leaves feeling dry and scratchy.

5. Chemicals, smoke, and other irritants
Many chemicals and other substances irritate throats such as air pollution, tobacco smoke and cigarette, and cleaning products.

6. Injury
Any injury like hit or cut in the neck leads to pain in the throat. Repeated use strains muscles and vocal cords in the throat. You can receive a sore throat after talking loudly, yelling or singing for a longer time

When to see a doctor?
Sore throats are caused by the viral infection that gets better on their own in a few days. Call a doctor if you have more serious symptoms: severe sore throat, trouble swallowing, pain when you breathe, trouble breathing, sore joints, difficulty opening of mouth, painful or stiff neck, earache, and blood in saliva.

Medicines:
You can take the drugs to relieve the pain of the sore throat and treat the underlying cause. You can also take medicines such as acetaminophen, aspirin, and ibuprofen.

So, if you are having sore throat then you must buy medicines from Chemists World such as cough syrup, throat lozenges, and other required medicines.