Signs and Symptoms of Iodine Deficiency And How To Get It Cured

By ChemistsWorld On 12 Jun 2018

Iodine is one very essential mineral that is mainly found in seafoods. Your thyroid gland uses the necessary amount of iron to make the thyroid hormones. This in turn helps in controlling the growth, repair and even support metabolism to keep it strong and healthy. But, sad to say, almost one-third of the people worldwide, are at a risk of iodine deficiency.

Some of them with higher risks are:

  • People who don’t use iodized salt.
  • People who follow a vegetarian or vegan diet.
  • Pregnant women.
  • People who live in countries where there is very little iodine in the soil. This includes New Zealand, European countries, and Southeast Asia.

An iodine deficiency can cause severe and uncomfortable problems. These include pregnancy-related issues, swelling in the neck, learning difficulties, and weight gain.

Below mentioned are the signs and symptoms of iron deficiency:

  • Unexpected weight gain: This occurs when the body is not able to have enough amount of iodine to make the thyroid hormones. This is mainly because, thyroid hormones help in controlling the speed of metabolism, which in turn helps the body to convert the food into energy and heat. When the thyroid levels are low, the body burns fewer calories at rest. Low iodine levels, hence, slow the metabolism & so store the food as fat, instead of burning it as energy. This leads to weight gain.
  • Weakness and fatigue: According to some studies, nearly 70% of individuals with low thyroid hormone levels feel weak, sluggish, and tired. These symptoms arise since thyroid levels help the body in making energy. When the iodine levels are low, the body is not able to make as much energy as it makes usually.

Other problems like hair-loss, flaky and dry skin, changes in heart rate and feeling colder than usual are the most common ones.

How to maintain the levels of iodine in the body?

The iodine deficiency is in major noted at places where the food supply and soil have the low iodine levels. Our body uses iodine to make thyroid hormones. Hence, an iron deficiency may lead to hypothyroidism, an ailment in which our body is not able to make sufficient thyroid hormones.

Fortunately, iodine deficiency can be easily prevented. Adding a pinch of salt(okay, a little more!) to your daily meal must help in meeting the daily iron requirement in the body. Also, if you feel you feel that you are suffering from any of the above mentioned symptoms, get it checked with your doctor well before it’s late.

Tags: