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ORAL CANCER: RISKS FACTORS AND ITS PREVENTION

  • By Admin
  • 29 Sep 2017

Oral or oral cavity cancer is cancer of the mouth or throat and can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated early. It is more prevalent in men than in women and can develop on an inner surface of lips, cheek lining, salivary glands, hard and soft palate, uvula, the area under your tongue, gums and tonsils.

RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ORAL CANCER

* Tobacco :The greatest risk factor for oral cancer is the tobacco, accounting for about 70% of oral cancer diagnoses.Smokers are 3 times more likely to develop cancer than the non-smokers. Persistent mouth sore, lump in the cheek, white or red patch on tongue, gums and lining of the mouth are some of the symptoms of oral cancer.

* Alcohol : Oral cancers are about 6 times more common in those people who consume alcohol. When tobacco and alcohol both get combined, then the risk of oral cancer increases up to 15 times more than the non-users of tobacco and alcohol products.

* Age : 85% of the people diagnosed with oral cancer are over the age of 50, but lifestyle and environmental factors are generally the greatest risk factors.

* Excessive Exposure to Sunlight : Excessive and unprotected exposure to sunlight and other sources of ultraviolet radiation (UV) like tanning beds is linked with cancer in the lip area as the skin of lips is much thinner than the skin on rest of the face.

* Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) : Human Papilloma Virus is the common sexually transmitted (STD) infection. Only a very small percentage of people with HPV are prone to mouth or oropharyngeal cancer.The greater your number of sexual partners, the more likely you are prone to contract a genital HPV infection; and when engaging in oral sex, you get oral infections. Having sex with a partner who has had multiple sex partners also increases your risk to get HPV.  

HOW TO PREVENT THE ORAL CANCER

* Do not smoke (or chew) any type of tobacco product : If you are a smoker, even with a casual habit, make the decision to stop.Drink alcohol in moderation(1-2 drinks per day).

* Always brush and floss your teeth regularly : An unhealthy mouth suppresses your immune system and inhibits your body's ability to fight off potential cancers.

* Add More Cancer-Fighting Foods to your diet : A diet rich in fruits and vegetables reduces the risk of cancer, as well as a healthy intake of Vitamin C and calcium. Include kale, broccoli, blueberries, sweet potatoes, turmeric, yoghurt, sunflower seeds, coconut oil, mushrooms and green tea in your diet and are pretty easy to find at your local grocery.

* Schedule an Oral Cancer Screening : At your next regular checkup, make sure to ask your dentist about oral cancer. If you notice any symptoms of oral cancer, make an appointment with your regular dentist for an oral cancer screening. Flat 20% OFF on Prescribed Medicines