Cirrhosis is the complication of the liver disease that involves irreversible scarring of the liver and loss of liver. The scarring is generally caused due to the long-term exposure to the toxins such as viral infections or alcohol. The liver is located in the upper side of the abdomen just below the ribs. It has many important functions that include:
According to a study, Liver Cirrhosis stands out to be the 12th leading cause of death due to disease. It is also noted that disease is mostly seen in men than in women.
The Liver is one of the hardest organs of the body and is even able to regenerate the damaged cells. Cirrhosis of the liver develops when the factors that affect the functioning of the liver are present for a long duration of time. When this happens in the body, it causes scarring and injury to the liver and hence, it is not able to function properly and that ultimately leads to liver cirrhosis.
Causes of Cirrhosis
The most common cause of Liver Cirrhosis is the long-term viral hepatitis C infection & chronic alcohol abuse. Also, one of the causes of liver cirrhosis is Obesity. It can be a risk factor by itself or in combination with hepatitis C and alcoholism. Cirrhosis can also develop in women who consume more than two alcoholic drinks everyday. For men who drink more than three drinks per day can make them suffer from liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis that is caused by alcohol is mainly the result of regular consumption of alcohol for more than 10 to 12 years.
Since the liver is not able to purify the blood, it may lead to the following symptoms:
Diagnosis of the Cirrhosis
The diagnosis begins with a physical exam and detailed history of the patient. The doctor asks for the complete medical history of the patient. The physical exam can show the following signs like:
The tests used for the evaluation of liver Cirrhosis might include:
stands to be the last option when other methods fail. All the patients must stop consuming alcohol and must check with the doctor before consuming any medicine.