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  • By Admin
  • 26 Oct 2017

Malaria is a serious disease and in the worst case may be fatal. The good news is that there has been a significant progress in the fight against the malaria in the past 10 years and this has contributed to saving over one million lives. Although, we have succeeded in the past, still many times the malaria parasite evolves and resistance develops to the drugs and insecticides to treat bed nets. Now, let us throw some light on that how you can prevent and treat malaria: Choose Your Accommodations Carefully When planning your trip, try to choose places to stay that have fewer mosquitoes. If possible, stay in rooms with air conditioning. In general, the best areas to stay are those one, which are little cool and away from any stagnant water. Stagnant water acts as a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Buy mosquito nets treated with permethrin for the best protection. Keep Your Doors and Windows Closed If possible, keep your doors and windows tightly sealed while you are indoors. People who sleep outside or exposed to the outdoors at night are much prone and at higher risk of contracting the malaria. If you cannot close the doors and windows or living at a very hot place, then use a mosquito net over your bed for the extra protection. Wear Protective Clothing Wear light, loose-fitting trousers rather than shorts, and wear shirts with long sleeves, particularly during early evening and at night, when mosquitoes prefer to feed. Always use mosquito spray Choose the mosquito spray that is most effective in the area where you are travelling. In almost all areas where malaria is present, DEET is the most commonly used compound. It is N,N-Diethyl-meta-toluamide, or just diethyltoluamide. This repellent comes in many different concentrations, from 4% to 100%. TREATMENT OPTIONS

  • Chloroquine phosphate is the first-line of treatment for malaria unless there is resistance to the drug. This issue has become common, so your physician may prescribe something else.
  • Doctors prescribe quinine sulfate and tetracycline in areas with high chloroquine phosphate resistance.
  • Sometimes, the infection may require an infusion of drug intravenously. If infected with the parasite Plasmodium Falciparum, you may take IV quinidine or doxycycline.

For all these drugs, you need to first check with your General practitioner. However, malaria can be dangerous; still, it is a highly treatable disease. It takes about 2 weeks of treatment course to cure malaria and should be treated at the right time before it turns life- threatening. Early prevention and following the above-mentioned ways can prevent you from contracting the illness.