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The herpes simplex virus, also called as HSV, is an infection that leads towards a condition called ”herpes”. Herpes can occur in most of the parts of the body, usually the mouth or the genitals. There are mainly two types of the herpes simplex virus:
HSV-1: This is also known as oral herpes. It causes fever blisters and cold sores around the mouth or the face.
HSV-2: This type is mainly responsible for the outbreak of herpes on the genitals.
What leads towards the herpes simplex?
It is a contagious virus that can be transferred from one individual to another through direct contact. Children generally contract HSV-1 from early contact with an infected adult person. They may carry the virus along with them for the rest of their lives.
You may get infected with the HSV-1 virus from some interactions like:
An individual may get infected with the HSV-2 virus if he/she makes a sexual contact with the person suffering from HSV-2.
Who is at a higher risk?
There is no specific age to get infected with the virus. It all depends on your exposure to the infection. In case of sexually transmitted HSV, an individual is at a higher risk to get infected when he/she participates in a sexual activity without making the use of a protection, for instance, condoms. Other risk factors may be:
If a pregnant woman is infected with the virus, chances are that the baby can be exposed to both types of HSV; and this may lead towards serious complications.
A person may notice symptoms that are similar to that of flu:
Herpes may also spread in the eyes, leading towards a condition called herpes keratitis. This may in turn cause symptoms like gritty feeling in the eye, eye pain, and discharge.
How is it diagnosed?
Herpes is generally diagnosed through a physical exam. The doctor will check for the sores in the body and ask about some of the symptoms that you may have. Blood tests for HSV-1 & 2 may also help in diagnosing the infections. This is usually done when there are no sores present.
Treatment of Herpes
There is no cure for this virus at present. The treatment focuses on eliminating the sores and limiting the outbreaks.
How to avoid getting infected from the virus?
Some individuals find that being tired, stressed out, friction against the skin, sunbathing might trigger the recurrences of the symptoms. Identifying & avoiding these kinds of triggers can help in reducing the number of recurrences.Tags: Herpes