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Everything You Need To Know About Macrocephaly

  • By Admin
  • 19 Jul 2018

Having an overly large head seems odd & unusual. It occurs either due to certain medical abnormalities or inheritance. In medical terms, this condition is referred to as Macrocephaly that eventually widens the circumference of a person's head beyond the normal size. Although Macrocephaly is completely benign or harmless, it indicates the impending risks of tumor & other complications in the brain. Surprisingly, the majority of people are still unaware of this serious condition that may cause the severe problems if left untreated. Go through the article to gather more details about Macrocephaly. Causes of Macrocephaly It is quite weird for anyone to have an over-sized head as it brings out a major imperfection to one's personality. However, the facts are revealing that inheritance turns out to be a prime factor behind Macrocephaly. In other words, infants born with large heads are more likely to have a family history of benign familial macrocephaly. Apart from genes, these factors are also responsible for the larger-than-average size of a head of an infant:

  • The extra fluid buildup in the brain i.e hydrocephalus
  • Bleeding & brain tumors
  • Alexander disease
  • Sotos syndrome
  • Common metabolic conditions
  • Infection & lesions
  • Chronic hematomas
  • Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome
  • & types of genetic syndromes

Apart from a large head, Macrocephaly doesn't bring any symptom that one can recognize in infants. Unlike benign familial macrocephaly, this disorder comes up with the following symptoms:

  • A gradual enlargement of a head
  • Slower developmental growth
  • Mental instability
  • Impending co-morbidity & autism
  • Vomiting
  • Unusual eye movement & bulging of veins
  • Extreme irritability & headaches
  • Abnormal sleepiness

Health experts perform diagnosis of Macrocephaly on the basis of all the above symptoms. They even consider the checkup reports of the physical examination of the circumference of an infant's head to analyze the pattern of enlargement of the head. Procedures For Macrocephaly Treatment Benign familial Macrocephaly doesn't require any type of treatment only if there are no other underlying reasons. Your infant might have to undergo the long-term as well as short-term treatments depending on the genetic condition of the disorder. Generally, one has to go for any of the occupational therapy, behavioral therapy, physical therapy, or speech & language therapy. With minimal chances of complications, Macrocephaly is curable in all medical terms. There is nothing to worry if your infant is born with a large head as you just need expert guidance for appropriate treatment!