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COMMON REASONS FOR FEMALE INFERTILITY AND ITS TREATMENT OPTIONS

  • By Admin
  • 10 Oct 2017

It is natural for any women starting worrying if you have been trying for a long period to get pregnant without success. However, it often takes about a year of unprotected sex to conceive. But once you approach the age of 35 years or older than that, then you should go and see your gynecologist to determine whether you may be facing fertility issues. Here in this blog, we have listed some causes of infertility in women and ways to deal with it:

CAUSES OF INFERTILITY IN WOMEN

Ovarian Function Women of reproductive age generally have a menstrual cycle in every 24-32 days. Regular periods are a good sign that a woman is ovulating or releasing an egg each month. If you want to confirm whether you are ovulating or want to track your cycle, you can use an over-the-counter ovulation predictor kit. A woman with irregular periods is at higher risk for not ovulating. Any of the following medical conditions can cause a woman of childbearing age to not ovulate:

* Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): It is a hormone disorder that can cause a woman to not ovulate. Symptoms include irregular or prolonged menstrual periods, excess hair growth, acne, and obesity. PCOS is found to be the most common cause of female infertility.

* Excessive physical or emotional stress: Stress, especially prolonged and intense can also lead to a woman to stop menstruating.

* Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR): The ability of the ovary to produce eggs is reduced due to congenital, medical, surgical, or unexplained causes. Ovarian reserve naturally declines with increasing age.

* Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI): It occurs when there is a loss of normal function of the ovaries before the age 40 leading to the non production of estrogen. This condition is sometimes referred to as premature (early) menopause.

TREATMENT

Medications like clomiphene citrate, gonadotropins, and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) are hormones that are injected into the ovaries to stimulate the growth of egg and ovulation. Other treatment options include Bromocriptine and Cabergoline, which are oral drugs used to reduce excessive levels of prolactin that may be inhibiting ovulation. For those women who are overweight changes in diet or lifestyle can improve the general reproductive health in ways that may increase the odds of successful ovulation. For some women, use of assisted egg donation, assisted reproductive technology (ART), such as intrauterine insemination (IUI), or artificial insemination, may be advised by your doctor if you have ovulation problems. There is still a long list to add to the reasons of infertility in women, but these are the few ones which should be taken care of. The implications behind infertility bear huge consequences for the mental health of the woman due to social pressure and personal grief behind being unable to conceive. If you think you might be infertile, see your gynecologist soon. Many couples treated for infertility at the right time are able to have babies. Read Also: WHAT CAUSES THE MALE INFERTILITY AND HOW TO GET IT DIAGNOSED