Death rates from cervical cancer have been reduced by 50% in the past four decades due to increased awareness among the women. Still this disease needs to be detected early as it comes with no early warning signs. Here are few things to keep in mind and every woman should know about it. HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS (HPV) IS THE MOST COMMON CAUSE OF CERVICAL CANCER Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection and the most common leading cause of cervical cancer in women. It accounts for about 99% of the cases. Most common strains are HPV 16 and HPV 18, which leads to approximately 70 percent of all known cervical cancers. About 14 million new HPV infections are being diagnosed every year. CERVICAL CANCER IS COMMONLY PREVENTABLE There are three different types of vaccines, which have been approved by Food and Drug Administration. The first one is Gardasil, which was approved in 2006 to protect against HPV 16 and 18. Another version, Gardasil 9, approved in 2014, which is 97% effective in preventing cervical and vaginal cancer, and Cervarix got approved in 2009. The HPV vaccine is recommended for young men and women, ages 9 to 26 years old, and has proved to be quite effective. LESBIANS AND BISEXUAL WOMEN ARE LESS LIKELY TO GET THEM EXAMINED FOR CERVICAL CANCER Studies have shown that lesbians and bisexual women are less likely to undergo routine health services, including Pap tests. This can be due to bad experiences with health care providers and fear of discrimination from them too. ALL WOMEN SHOULD GET PELVIC EXAMS ON YEARLY BASIS It is essential for all the women in ages 21 and older to get a pap smear test and screened for cervical cancer. This procedure involves collecting cells from the cervix to be examined for any abnormalities. Women in ages 21 to 29 years should get this test every 3 years, even though the last time results were normal. For women in ages 30 to 64, even after obtaining results normal in past, should get her examined in every 5 years. Along with this test, all women should get screened yearly for pelvic examination to rule out other reproductive illnesses. CERVICAL CANCER MAY NOT CAUSE ANY OBVIOUS SYMPTOMS AT FIRST Women with cervices cancer can have bleeding but many of them experience irregular periods, which is not usual. Although cervical cancer does not cause pain or any other warning signs, still early screening and seeking early medical attention is necessary to avoid any complications.