Bladder Infection: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

By ChemistsWorld On 29 Jun 2018

Bladder infection is one of the most common problems observed in almost 40% of women who experience it at least once in their lifetime. The medical and scientific name of bladder infection is Cystitis and it occurs when Escherichia Coli(E. Coli) bacteria enter and travel up to the urethra, infect the urine & inflame the internal bladder lining. E.coli is mainly found in the bowel, and lesser so, in the vagina and even on the skin between the vagina and the anus. Even though fairly sedate in its pure environment of the bowel, E.Coli bacteria survive in urine’s acidic form. Bladder infection is one of the most common types of Urinary Tract Infection(UTI) in women, after the bacterial infection. The bladder infection onset is at the age of around 40 years, however, many women get diagnosed during the 30’s. As mentioned, many women suffer from bladder infection once in their lifetime, but, it is not contagious or dangerous and does not pass to your partner during sex.

Symptoms of the Bladder infection
Some of the most common symptoms of bladder infection are:

1. Urine: The usual color of your urine generally changes during a bladder infection. Smelly, bloody, or cloudy type of urine is an indication of cystitis being present.

2. Severe pain: This is the most common symptom when your bladder is full or is about to fill. Some may even feel pain in the pelvis, vagina, and in the abdomen during sex or while voiding.

3. Urgency: This is when you are not able to delay urination and need to urinate at the earliest.

Other common symptoms
If the infection moves towards the kidneys from the bladder, an individual can experience some infection symptoms like chills, fever, vomiting, nausea and back pain. Women who get kidney infection must visit a doctor as soon as possible.

Causes of the Bladder Infection

  • A urinary catheter
  • Diabetes
  • Sexual activity
  • Menopause
  • Irritants such as certain soaps
  • The weight of the fetus during pregnancy

How to get bladder infection diagnosed?
At times, a bladder infection may clear itself, especially if you’re a woman who takes good care of her hygiene and has sound health.

But, you must visit a doctor if you notice these symptoms:

  • There’s blood in your urine
  • Your bladder infection problem does not improve within 2-3 days
  • There’s a severe pain in your lower back or unbearable abdominal pain
  • You have diabetes
  • The bladder infection keeps recurring

Treatment for the bladder infection
The general treatment for bladder infection is with a course of certain kind of medicines/drugs. This is generally to bring relief from the symptoms and to prevent the infection from spreading further.

Note:
Always make it a point to complete an antibiotic course, even the infection disappears to stop it from recurring. If you realize that the antibiotics are not working, you may be suffering from interstitial cystitis. This is a long-lasting inflammation of the bladder that is not caused by an infection. Your doctor may help you better in understanding this condition.

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