Alopecia Areata: The Causes, Symptoms, And Treatments

By ChemistsWorld On 13 Sep 2018

If you have noticed a lot of extra hair on the pillow, shower drain, or the brush, or you have seen odd little bald spots in the mirror, you may have an autoimmune disorder called as ‘Alopecia Areata’.

When you suffer from an autoimmune disease, your immune system attacks your own body. With alopecia areata, it is the hair follicles that are being attacked. This makes the hair come out, often in clumps the shape and size of a quarter. The amount of hair loss is different for every individual. Some individuals lose it only in some spots, while others tend to lose a lot.

It is rare, but one can lose all the hair on the head or entire body. Every case of alopecia areata is different. Sometimes, hair grows back but falls out again later. In some, hair grows back for good.

Is There A Cure for Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia areata cannot be cured. But it can be treated and hair can grow back. There are several things to try:

Corticosteroids: These are anti-inflammatory drugs that are prescribed for autoimmune diseases. They can be given as an injection into the scalp or other places. They can also be given in pill form or rubbed on the skin as a cream, foam, or an ointment. The disappointment is that it may take a long duration to work.

Topical immunotherapy: This is utilized when there’s a ton of hair misfortune, or on the off chance that it happens more than once. Synthetics are connected to the scalp to create an allergic response. In the event that it works, this response is really what influences the hair to come back. It additionally causes an itchy rash, and as a rule must be repeated a few times to keep the new hair development

Different medications for alopecia areata include medications that are now and then utilized for other immune system issue. These prescriptions have contrasting measures of achievement in re-developing hair. Apart from drug medications, there are other things you can try if you have alopecia areata. Wear scarves, hats, or wigs. They cover your hair loss and will also protect your head from the sun.

Reduce stress. Personal troubles seem to trigger alopecia areata, although this has not been proven medically.

Alopecia areata isn’t generally a serious medical condition, but it can cause a lot of anxiety sadness. Support groups are out there to help you deal with the psychological problems of the condition.

Remember, even if you lose all the hair, it could all grow back. And if it doesn’t, there are all kinds of great options if you want to cover the hair loss. If you observe sudden hair loss, always check with a doctor. There can be a lot of other reasons for it besides alopecia areata.

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