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  • By Admin
  • 27 Oct 2017

You know your weight, your height, and BP, but you may or may not know your body mass index (BMI) off the top of your head, although doctors have recommended that, you do.

What is BMI exactly?

It is an estimation of fat of the body based on your height and weight that falls into the given below weight categories, ranging from underweight to obese. A good way to decide if your weight is healthy for your height is to check out your body mass index (BMI). Here, we will give you an insight about the BMI in detail. The higher a person's BMI, the more chances are there of developing the certain serious diseases. It includes:

  • Arthritis in your knees and hips
  • Sleep Apnea
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Cancer of breast, colon and kidney

A low BMI can also lead to bone loss, iron deficiency anaemia and decreased immunity. HOW TO DETERMINE YOUR BMI BMI is measured by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by the square of their height in centimetres. For people of all ages, calculation is the same. However, BMI is interpreted differently in adults and children. You can also use BMI calculator to measure it. Adult's age 20 years or above fall into the following categories:-

  • If BMI is below 18.5, they are underweight.
  • If it is between 18.5-24.9, that is considered normal
  • If it ranges from 25.0-29.9 then that is the overweight status. Above 30.0 people are obese.

For children and teens, BMI is assessed on percentile ranking.

  • If the percentile range is below 5th they are underweight.
  • If percentile range is b/w 5th to 85th, then it is considered normal.
  • Above 85th to 95th, weight status is overweight.

However, a new research shows that body fat, not BMI, is more associated with the above health risks. You can decrease body fat and get to a healthier weight by exercising at least 3 times per week. You should also follow certain diet habits, such as eating only when you are hungry and choosing a diet that is rich in unprocessed foods. If you want to know in which category of BMI you fall under, you can check it with the above-mentioned method and if you find out that, you have low BMI, then talk to your dietician for the nutritional counselling. A dietitian can guide you well which foods to eat and how much food you should eat in order to gain the weight in a healthy way.