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All You Need To Know About The Zika Virus

By ChemistsWorld On 05 Aug 2021

The Zika virus is not harmful to most healthy adults but can cause severe congenital disabilities if a pregnant woman is infected. There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika. Alternative medical treatments may help against the symptoms. Since there is no cure, it’s essential to take precautions and reduce the risk of being infected. Discover the steps you can take to reduce your risk of contracting the Zika virus, how it is spread and what you can do to prevent it. You’ll be able to protect yourself from the ongoing outbreak of Zika.

 

What Is Zika Virus?

The Zika virus is transmitted via the biting of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes bite at all hours of the day and night. Dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever are all diseases spread by the Aedes mosquito, commonly known as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus.

Zika may be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her baby, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and infection during gestation can cause birth abnormalities. Aside from that, the CDC claims that individuals diagnosed with Zika may pass it on to their sexual partners.

 

Symptoms To Watch Out For

Unlike COVID-19, Zika virus symptoms are modest. Rash, sweat, discomfort, red eyes, muscular pain, and joint pain are the most frequent symptoms. The incubation time is believed to be 3–14 days, although the signs may persist anywhere from 2 to 7 days. However, people infected with the Zika virus do not exhibit symptoms, as per the World Health Organization (WHO). According to the CDC, infected individuals seldom get ill enough to be hospitalized, and they rarely die from Zika.

 

Why Is Zika Virus Infection Concerning?

While the Zika virus may cause minor illnesses, it can also cause problems during pregnancy, including fetal loss, miscarriage, and premature delivery. “Zika virus infection is also a cause of Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuropathy, and myelitis, especially in adults and older children,” as per the World Health Organization (WHO). According to the WHO, research is now being undertaken to study the impact of the Zika virus on birth outcomes, preventive and control measures, and the implications of infection on various neurological diseases in children and adults.

 

Is There A Treatment?

There is no vaccine or medication for Zika, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is, nevertheless, essential to address the symptoms. During the infection phase, experts recommend getting plenty of rest and staying hydrated. Drinking lots of water and getting plenty of rest keeps the body refreshed and rejuvenated. Discomfort-relieving medicines may be used to treat fever and pain.

To minimize the risk of bleeding, the CDC recommends avoiding using aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) until dengue fever has been ruled out. If you’re already taking medication for another medical issue, speak to your doctor before adding another one.

 

How to Prevent Zika Virus?

Preventing mosquito bites is essential for preventing infection from zika virus or other mosquito-borne viruses such as West Nile virus and malaria, transmitted by mosquitoes in North America. One way is by wearing long sleeve clothing when going outside and using insect repellent lotion or spray. It’s also crucial for pregnant women to consult their doctor to provide their unborn baby with protection against the zika virus since they are most at risk for contracting it during pregnancy and birth.

 

When To See A Doctor?

If you are pregnant and develop symptoms of the zika virus, call your health care provider for further guidance. If no signs but travel to an area with active transmission, talk with your health care provider about getting tested. The World Health Organization (WHO) has issued its findings on Feb 2nd, 2016. It was said that less than 20% of people exposed to Zika show symptoms, while 80% do not develop any symptoms at all. For those that show signs, it can take up to one week before becoming symptomatic.

 

Final Words

We live in an age when some more diseases and health conditions for people living in extreme fear. Out of all those, a disease like the Zika virus can have the most devastating effect on your life. At this point, scientists are not sure whether this is a new virus or whether it has evaded detection until now, but one thing is sure. Women and babies who contract the Zika virus have a high probability of congenital disabilities.

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