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All That You Need To Know About Down Syndrome

  • By Admin
  • 23 Apr 2018

Introduction to Down Syndrome Your genes hold the importance of your body and look. They are behind everything from your skin color to how you digest the food. If anything goes wrong in your body, it may have far-reaching effects. Chromosomes are a bundle of genes and it is highly essential for your body to have the right number of chromosomes. If someone is born with an extra chromosome, it leads to a medical condition called Down Syndrome. This one extra chromosome in the body may lead to serious issues that may affect you both physically and mentally. Here's a quick guide to help you know about down syndrome, it effects, and its treatments. Symptoms and signs of Down Syndrome A baby born with down syndrome will have a hallmark appearance. Usually, there is a short neck, small head, upward slanting eyes, and a flat face. Ears are flat and placed below the normal position. The tongue is protruding and seems quite big for the mouth. Muscles lack tone, and joints tend to be more flexible. A baby will be born with a normal size, however, will not grow as tall with age. The mental functioning is not proper and may range from mild to moderate disability.

How is it diagnosed?

Usually, down syndrome is diagnosed when the fetus is still inside the uterus. Normal tests are recommended during the pregnancy phase to diagnose not only down syndrome but also other medical abnormalities. At the time of birth, it is usually identified the way by which a baby is born, and the doctor may ask for chromosome analysis to ensure the diagnosis.

What treatments are available for down syndrome?

Down Syndrome is a lifelong condition. However, there are certain medications that may improve the life of a patient suffering from this disease. Newborns suffering from this problem may face issues like inability to crawl, sit, talk and walk. Parents must understand those down syndrome infants take time for proper development. Rather, parents must make use of team approaches like therapist and care treatments, that may improve language and social skills up to a certain level. Problems associated with Down syndrome may affect the heart as well as the gastrointestinal system that may require care and evaluation at regular intervals. If the conditions worsen, there may also be a need for surgery. As the person ages, the support and care will depend on physical function and mental ability that's achievable by them. Parents who have a child with down syndrome have a higher chance of having the second child also suffering from this disease. Remember, Down Syndrome is a lifelong ailment. Love, care, medications, and treatments at regular intervals will improve the lifespan of the patient.