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  • By Admin
  • 31 Aug 2016

Lung Cancer is the leading cancer amongst men in Kerala despite a ban on smoking in public places and several anti tobacco awareness campaigns, show the latest estimates by the National Center for Disease Informatics and Research (NCIDR) of the Indian Council of Medical Research. What is worrying is that majority men detected with lung cancer are married and almost 30% of them are in working age group of 45 - 60. The study, based on four hospital based cancer registries in the state from 2012 to 2014, also puts the average prevalence rate of the disease at 16%. It is noted that a high smoking rate in patient with lung cancer. only 10 - 15% of them are non smokers. The average age at which they start smoking is 16- 20 and they continue to smoke for 15-20 years. Tobacco is continued to be major cause of cancer for men. Some ten years ago, oral cancer was leading cancer amongst men due to tobacco chewing. It is the Lung cancer now due to smoking. Oncologists said despite the advances in cancer treatment the problem with lung cancer is that it is mostly detected in the advanced stage, with the cure rate just around 5%. It is bad disease with poor outcome. Around 60% of lung cancer patients are in stage 4 and the average life span is around 12 months. Cancer happens when there is DNA damage and there are many factors causing that, including hydrocarbons due to high incidence of smoking or pollution. Meanwhile, In women breast cancer continued to be the leading cancer with an average prevalence rate of 31%.